Hyampom Hog Bear. - (Ursus unimorsus amantiporcus) - [Fearsome Critter]
• About this Critter: A naturally curly-haired variety of brown-black bear with a cinnamon-orange coloration (often mistaken for a cinnamon black-bear* & at times it is illusrated as a literal bear-pig.) - This type of bear was said to Range from mouth of the Columbia River southward to the Klamath. - it was named as such as it primarily prays off of farmers plump acorn engouged hogs, knocking them down the hillsides of Hyampom, North California and picking them off at the bottom, taking but a single bite from their rumps. -- While examining timber on the Klamath River, Mr. Eugene S. Bruce, of the Forest Services, captured a Hyampom Hog-bear Cub, the young bear was then donated to the Rock Creek Park Zoo in Washington for further examination...
• History: The final critter which was included in "Fearsome critters of the lumberwoods"  the entry goes as follows:
[a photo of Eugene S. Bruce, Forest Supervisor 1908. - Source: USDA national forest service.]
[Flumes and Fluming Bulletin No 87, 1914 a bulletin article by Eugene S Bruce]
whilst on a trip to California surveying the trinity forest in early 1910: Allegedly Eugene caught the bear cub with his bare hands! (a photo of said bear can be found in "The Land We Live In, The Book of Conservation by Overton W. Price.") [below, published 1911] - (Later editions of Overtons book thank both Cox & Eugene personally in the preface.)
Although details of the encounter are muddy, I was also able to locate a single news article from 1910 about Eugene Bruces donation to the Rock Creek Park Zoo, where in a '3 month old brown bear' was in-fact donated and christened "Hyampom Teddy" in early 1910. (I dont beleive that this article has never been mentioned in earlier writings surrounding this critter!)
- [The news article about the 'hyampom teddy'. Sanfransisco Call, June 3rd, 1910.]
so we at least know it happened, normally I'd say that would be it, case closed, it was obviously just a brown bear cub & obviously Cox was humorously including an entry/shout out to his dear friend. ...but diving a little deeper still...
The forestry service does indeed have at least one article on record [published 1924] in regards to bears In Yosemite national park which mentions a few earlier accounts of Californian Pig farmers who were having trouble with Cinnamon-coloured Black-Bears, and bears eating out of their Hogs feeding troughs & coming down from the hills to feast on acorns!! [Near Camp Curry & Hatch Hechy valley, and south towards the Bullion Mountains specifically] (Weather or not these bears had curly hairs is sadly not mentioned.)I must admit, this it is still pretty normal behavior for bears (regardless of the peculiar curly hair or not.)
--As for the bit about the bears taking only a single bite out of the pigs rumps, well unfortunately, I've been unable to find any proper folkloric parallels, yet. Perhaps Cox added that on just to be funny, or perhaps it was based on an oral account from a farmer? who can say for certain? --For now, I rest my case: the mystery of the Hyampom Hog-Bears continues!!
Art Sticker by @samkalensky - part of my Fearsome Critters & cryptids collection of stickers, follow me for many more!